OSHA: Safe Work Practices for Excavation and Trenching

Excavation and trenching are among the most hazardous construction operations. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OSHA) Excavation and Trenching standard, Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulation (CFR), Part 1926.650, covers requirements for excavation and trenching operations. This document highlights key elements of the standard, shows ways to protect employees against cave-ins and describes safe work practices for employees.