A proposal to change how leases are accounted for on corporate balance sheets could have a widespread, detrimental impact on the U.S. economy, triggering a $10 billion reduction in gross domestic product (GDP) and 60,000 fewer jobs by 2016, the Equipment Leasing and Finance Association (ELFA) announced today. ELFA cited a new study, "Economic Impacts of the Proposed Changes to Lease Accounting Standards," conducted by information and analysis provider IHS for the Equipment Leasing & Finance Foundation, as the first independent study to substantiate how the complex proposal might affect an already fragile U.S. economy.
Currently, operating leases are not reported on companies' balance sheets; they are reported in the footnotes to companies' financial statements. The proposed lease accounting changes, from the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) and the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), would require companies to record virtually all leases on their balance sheets. The study's analysis of financial data reveals that the proposal would depress company profits, economic growth and financial stability.
According to the study, many businesses do not object to having to record leases on their books. Rather, they object to how the proposal would require them to account for and report lease transactions, contending that aspects of the proposal are too complex, impose burdensome regulation on businesses and do not accurately reflect the economics of the lease transaction.
The new study finds that under the lease accounting proposals being considered by the IASB and FASB:
- U.S. companies would add an estimated $2 trillion to their balance sheets - an 11 percent increase in total debt.
- U.S. companies could experience a 2.4 percent reduction in pre-tax net income in the first year of the new accounting rule.
- The cost of debt could rise through higher interest rates - every 50 basis point increase would trigger a $10 billion reduction in GDP and 60,000 fewer jobs by 2016.
- The proposal would cause a permanent reduction of $96 billion in the equity - net worth - of U.S. companies.
Stumbling Blocks Facing Businesses
Several components of the proposal could act as stumbling blocks for U.S. businesses. The potential negative fallout from changing lease accounting rules includes:
- Lower earnings, reduced capital and deferred tax assets for companies that lease.
- Costly implementation.
- Elimination of vital financing options.
- Adjustment to key financial metrics that investors use to determine company valuations and credit agencies use to determine credit worthiness.
- Unintended consequences such as:
- The triggering of existing debt and lease covenants due to changes in lessee debt levels and the front ending of reported lease costs.
- An increase in lease costs. Although the benefits of leasing will remain, U.S. companies could incur greater costs due to changes in lessor accounting that would impact lease pricing.
The FASB and IASB have announced plans to issue a new draft of their proposal by early April 2012, with a 120-day comment period. ELFA is urging the Boards to listen carefully to the feedback they receive on their proposal.