Ford will offer the 2014 F-150 truck with a gaseous-fuel-prepped 3.7-liter V6 engine able to run on compressed natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas. Ford expects to be the only manufacturer offering a CNG/LPG-capable half-ton pickup. Gaseous-fuel pickup truck offerings have been dominated by heavier trucks.
Ford says an F-150 with a CNG/LPG 3.7-liter V6 is capable of achieving more than 750 miles on one tank of gas, depending on the tank size selected.
CNG/LPG engine prep from the factory costs approximately $315 before the customer chooses a Ford Qualified Vehicle Modifier to supply fuel tanks, fuel lines and unique fuel injectors. Upfits run approximately $7,500 to $9,500 depending on fuel tank capacity.
CNG sells for an average of $2.11 per gasoline-equivalent gallon, and is as low as $1 in some parts of the country, representing a significant savings over unleaded regular fuel. The national average for unleaded regular fuel is $3.66 per gallon.
“With the money saved using CNG, customers could start to see payback on their investment in as little as 24 to 36 months,” said Jon Coleman, Ford fleet sustainability and technology manager.
The gaseous-fuel prep package includes hardened valves, valve seats, pistons and rings so it can operate on either natural gas or gasoline through separate fuel systems.
In the next year, Ford will offer eight commercial vehicles with a gaseous-prep option; more vehicles than any other full-line manufacturer:
- Transit Connect van and wagon
- Transit van, wagon, cutaway and chassis cab
- E-Series van, wagon, cutaway and stripped chassis
- F-Series Super Duty pickup and F-350 chassis cab
- F-Series Super Duty chassis cab (F-450, F-550)
- F-650 medium-duty truck
- F53 and F59 stripped chassis
- 2014 F-150 light-duty pickup
Ford has been selling CNG/LPG-prepped engines since 2009 and is on pace to sell more than 15,000 CNG/LPG-prepped vehicles in 2013, an increase of more than 25 percent from 2012.
AT&T is one of many Ford customers that are finding value in CNG. The communications giant recently purchased 650 F-350 chassis cabs with the CNG-prep option.
“We’re almost halfway to our company-wide goal of deploying 15,000 alternative-fuel vehicles by the end of year 2018,” said Jerome Webber, AT&T vice president, global fleet operations. “Vehicles such as CNG F-350s from Ford have helped us avoid purchasing 7.7 million gallons of gasoline over the past five years while reducing our fleet’s emissions.”
Ford has established a rigorous qualification program for vendors who fit alternate-fuel systems to its vehicles. The Qualified Vehicle Modifier (QVM) program is intended to help modifiers improve the quality of end results to achieve greater customer satisfaction and product acceptance.
Ford maintains the engine and powertrain limited warranty (five years or 60,000 miles); the QVM is responsible for the system component warranty.
Compressed natural gas is mainly composed of methane. It is stored and distributed in hard containers at a pressure of approximately 3,600 psi. About 85 percent of the CNG used in the United States is produced domestically.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency certifies CNG usage can result in up to 30 percent less greenhouse gas emissions.