Between 2017 and 2018, the number of women working in construction trades increased by 17.6 percent, rising to well over a quarter of a million women (276,000), according to a new analysis from the Institute for Women’s Policy Research (IWPR). This growth is nearly five times faster than job growth of 3.7 percent in construction occupations overall.
The share of women working in construction trades in 2018 is the highest in twenty years, but women remain strongly underrepresented in the trades: fewer than one in twenty (3.4 percent) of construction trades workers in 2018 were women. The only other time since 1999 when the share was above 3.0 percent was in 2006. Even when administrative and back office staff working in construction are included, women were fewer than one in ten (9.9 percent) workers employed in the sector.
Construction trades provide well-paid jobs that do not require a college degree. In 2018, women working full-time in construction and extraction occupations made $785 per week at the median, compared with $834 for men. This gender wage gap is narrower than for women overall: while women overall earn 81 cents for every dollar earned by a man, women in construction make 94 cents for every dollar earned by a man in the field.
“In 2019, women’s stark under-representation in these well-paid jobs is disconcerting, but it is very encouraging to see such strong growth in the number of women entering the construction trades," Ariane Hegewisch, IWPR program director on Employment & Earnings says. "The industry still has more work to do to attract and retain women in these jobs and create a work environment that is welcoming to all workers, regardless of their gender, race, or ethnicity. Women-focused pre-apprenticeship programs and tradeswomen organizations are doing great work to help the industry adapt to a changing future of work.”
Read the fact sheet, "Women Gain Jobs in Construction Trades but Remain Underrepresented in the Field," at IWPR.org.